Facts about Ethanol
Ethanol reduces carbon monoxide emissions
One bushel of corn yields 10.6 L of ethanol.
Pure ethanol has an octane rating of 115.
A flexible fuel vehicle can run on any combination of gasoline and ethanol up to 85%.
Any vehicle manufactured from 1982 onward can run on E10 or gasoline with 10% ethanol.
Brazil is a world leader in the use of ethanol, nearly half of its cars run on pure ethanol.
Ethanol is an oxygenate for gasoline. The addition of ethanol causes the gasoline to burn cleaner reducing air pollution from transportation.
For every barrel of ethanol produced, 1.2 barrels of oil are displaced.
Government Mandates for Ethanol
The government of Ontario implemented a 5% mandate for ethanol as of January 1, 2007. That is all gasoline sold in Ontario must contain at least 5% ethanol.
It is also mandated that by 2010 all gasoline sold in Ontario must contain 10% ethanol.
The government of Canada has implemented a 5% mandate for ethanol across the country for 2010.
Production in Canada today is about 735 million litres per year, by 2010 it is estimated the demand for ethanol will be exceed 2 billion litres per year.
E85 as an Alternative Fuel and its Benefits
to the Environment
Using E85 can reduce ozone-forming pollutants by 20% and fuel lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions by nearly 30%. E85’s lower vapour pressure can also help reduce evaporative emissions.
A 20 mile per gallon flexible fuel vehicle using E85 emits 77% (8,900 lbs) less CO2 and 85% less benzene than a 20 mile per gallon automobile using regular gasoline. over 12,000 miles. (Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance 2001).
All 3 major north American automobile manufactures have suggested that half of all vehicles manufactured by 2012 will be Flexible Fuel Vehicles.
E85 has an octane rating of 105.